PERSONALITIES

KHWAJA GARIB NAWAZ

URDU

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HISTORY

Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti رضي الله عنه is revered as one of the most eminent saints in Islamic Mysticism. Renowned for his boundless compassion and affection towards the impoverished, he is widely known as Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه, which translates to "Helper/Listener of the poor."

Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti رضي الله عنه is a radiant luminary hailing from the esteemed lineage of Ahle Baith, the noble household of Prophet Sayyiduna Muhammad Mustafa ﷺ. The radiance of his personality has dispelled darkness and illuminated countless hearts across the globe. He is not only revered, esteemed, and honored, but also serves as a beacon of hope and a source of inspiration for multitudes of individuals belonging to diverse castes, creeds, religions, and nationalities.


BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD

Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه was born in the year 530 Hijri / 1135 AD in Sistan, also known as Sijistan, located in East Persia (present-day Iran). He was born into a distinguished and highly respected family of devout lineage.

His father, Hazrat Khwaja Syed Giyasuddin رضي الله عنه, was a pious and influential individual, and his mother, Syeda Bibi Ummulwara رضي الله عنها, also known as Bibi Mahe Noor, hailed from the esteemed lineage of Hazrat Sayyiduna Imam Ali كرم الله وجهه, the noble household of Prophet Sayyiduna Muhammad Mustafa ﷺ.

Ummul Wara رضي الله عنها his mother, used to say: During my pregnancy of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti رضي الله عنه, I experienced pleasant dreams. Our home was blessed with immense of riches and abundance of enthusiasm, resulted in a remarkable transformation of our enemies into friends. Upon his arrival, all places were filled with the divine light. (Mir’atul Asraar)

During that time, the Muslim world, particularly the regions of Sistan and Khorasan, experienced great turmoil and upheaval. Despite being a civilized country, it was ravaged by chaos, bloodshed, and acts of barbarism perpetrated by Tartars and other rebels. The weak government of Sultan Senjar fell victim to these attacks, resulting in an atmosphere devoid of safety and spiritual freedom. The wild Tartars completely decimated the followers of the Muslim faith, leaving the population in a state of profound distress and uncertainty.

EDUCATION

The primary education, preservation, and growth of Khwaja Syed Moinuddin Hasan رضي الله عنه were in the city of Khorasan. His primary education was provided by his father (Giyasuddin رضي الله عنه), a renowned scholar. Upon the completion of memorization of the Quran at the age of 9, he enrolled in a madrasah to pursue the education of Tafseer, Hadith, and jurisprudence. His profound intelligence, exceptional memory capacity, and remarkable cognitive ability enabled him to gain the extensive amount of knowledge within the short amount of time. As he received admiration and love from everyone around him, He led a delightful and comfortable life until the age of 12. When he was fifteen years old, his father Giyasuddin رضي الله عنه, who was a symbol of love and kindness, passed away.

إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّآ إِلَيْهِ رَٰجِعُونَ

Nonetheless his mother Ummul wara رضي الله عنها provided proficient care and nurturing throughout his upbringing. Following the passing of his father, he obtained ownership of both farm and a mill.

As a youth, he began to took over the mill and estate that had been passed down to him and made it as a means of sustenance, and dedicated his efforts towards the care and maintenance of the plantation. He personally handled all the aspects of the mill’s operations and enjoyed very tranquil and happy life. But He was selected by Allah عزوجل as a devoted servant to serve the sacred faith by imparting knowledge and providing assistance to the people. As a result, a fortunate incidence occurred in his life that led him into the realm of intellectual world and enabled him to reach the elevated position of tariqat (Acceleration) and guidance.

MIGRATION TO NISHAPUR

Due to the prevailing unsafe environment, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه father, Khwaja Giyasuddin رضي الله عنه, made the decision to migrate with his family to Nishapur, the capital city. Nishapur was renowned for its Nizamiyyah University and its precious library, which housed a wealth of original Islamic literature. Additionally, the city boasted lush gardens, canals, and flourishing agricultural fields. In one of the suburbs, known as Rewand, his father purchased a grape orchard with a windmill, seeking a peaceful life in the fertile lands.

However, Nishapur itself was not spared from social evils and unrest. Sultan Sanjar, engaged in prolonged battles with the Tartars at the border, was absent from the capital for an extended period. This resulted in the disintegration of his administrative machinery, and internal factions such as the Qarmiti and Batini sect's Fidayees emerged from hiding, engaging in looting and violence, turning the city into a scene of massacre.

These incidents deeply affected Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه stirring profound contemplation within him. However, he found no definite conclusion amidst these distressing events. With the defeat of Sultan Sanjar, the enemy gained free reign, causing the destruction of once-flourishing cities of Islamic culture, reducing them to rubble and ruin.

One can surmise that through these series of events and tragedies, Allah Almighty intended to prepare and showcase Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه for a noble and divine mission of reform and peace for all of humanity. He was destined for an extraordinary path of spreading love, harmony, peace, and exemplifying the true essence of Islamic teachings.

LIGHT OF WISDOM

At the tender age of sixteen, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه suffered the loss of both his parents. Inheriting an orchard and a windmill as his means of livelihood, even at a young age, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه displayed remarkable compassion and selflessness, embodying the noble traits of character unique to the household of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to which he belonged.

One day, while tending to his orchard, he noticed a pious Dervish (Saint) named Hazrat Ibrahim Qandoozi رضي الله عنه who had taken a seat under the shade of a tree. Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه approached the Dervish and offered him a fresh bunch of grapes and fruits to eat. Delighted by this gesture, the visitor then took something out of his bag, chewed it himself, and offered it to the young Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه. Without hesitation or question, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه consumed it, and in that very moment, he felt the illumination of wisdom and knowledge.

Following this profound spiritual incident, he divested himself of all his worldly possessions, including the orchard and windmill, and distributed the proceeds among the poor. Severing all ties with worldly pleasures and comforts, he embarked on a spiritual journey that led him to Samarkand and Bukhara, renowned centers of religious education and knowledge. It was there that he became a Hafiz (having memorized the Quran) and distinguished himself as an Aalim, possessing comprehensive understanding of various Islamic subjects and ideologies.

Although he dedicated himself to prayers, meditation, fasting, and the remembrance of Allah Almighty, he felt that something was still missing in his quest to approach Allah Almighty. In his own words, he proclaimed, "Success is not possible without a Peer (Guide)."

SPIRITUAL MENTOR - KHWAJA USMAN-E HARWANI

Feeling the need for a spiritual master, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه embarked on a journey in search of such a guide. He traveled extensively, covering vast distances, with the sole purpose of finding his true mentor. Eventually, he arrived in a town called Harwan, where one of the greatest Sufi Dervishes of that time, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه, resided. This esteemed saint had gained significant popularity and attracted numerous individuals seeking spiritual enlightenment, as well as religious and moral guidance.

Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه approached Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه with utmost reverence and humility. He kissed the ground as a sign of deep respect and earnestly requested, "Sir, may I humbly ask to be accepted as one of your devoted disciples (Mureeds)." Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه, through his intuitive perception, instantly recognized that this seeker was the most deserving and suitable candidate to join the circle of his spiritual lineage. Without any hesitation, he graciously granted Khwaja Garib Nawaz's request, initiating him as a Mureed in his spiritual chain.

SPIRITUAL JOURNEY WITH PEER-O MURSHID

In the words of Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه himself, he recounted the events of his initiation by Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه: "I had the honor of appearing before Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه, along with other esteemed luminaries. I humbly bowed my head in solemn reverence. Hazrat Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه instructed me to offer two rakat of prayer, which I did. He then directed me to sit facing the Kaaba (Mecca) and recite Durud Sharif (praise and blessings for the Holy Prophet ﷺ and his family) 21 times, Subhan Allah (glory be to Allah) 60 times, and I complied. After that, he took my hand in his own hand and gazed toward the heavens, saying, 'Let me present you to Allah Almighty.' He then cut my hair with a pair of scissors and placed a special Tarki Cap on my head. He asked me to recite Surah Ikhlas (a chapter from the Quran) one thousand times, and I completed the recitation. He then said, 'Among our followers, there is only one day and one night of probation, so go and fulfill it today.' Accordingly, I spent one day and one night in prayer and presented myself before him the next morning. He asked me to sit down and repeat Surah Ikhlas one thousand times, and I did so. Then he asked me to look toward the heavens. When I raised my eyes, he inquired, 'How far do you see?' I replied, 'Up to Arsh-E-Moalla (the heavenly throne).' He asked me to 'look below,' and I replied, 'Up to Tahtu-Sara (the abyss).' He then asked me to sit and repeat 'Surah Ikhlas' one thousand times again, and I complied. He then asked me to 'look toward heaven' once more, and when I did, he asked, 'How far do you see now?' I answered, 'Up to Hijaab-E-Azmat' He then instructed me to 'close my eyes,' and after a moment, he asked me to 'open my eyes,' and I did so. Then he showed me his two fingers and inquired, 'What do you see through them?' I replied, '18,000 Aalam (worlds).' When he heard this, he said, 'Now your work is over.' He then looked toward a nearby brick and asked me to pick it up. To my surprise, I found some gold coins (dinaars) under it. He instructed me to distribute these coins among the poor and needy, which I faithfully did. Afterward, I was instructed to remain with him until the prescribed period."

TRAVELING WITH PEER-O MURSHID

Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه, accompanied by his Peer-O-Murshid, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه, embarked on numerous journeys to various places. They visited Damishk, where they met prominent Sufis of that era. Additionally, they made multiple trips to the sacred cities of Makkah and Madinah to perform Hajj pilgrimage. During one of these trips, while at Makkah, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه prayed for Khwaja Garib Nawaz success, and they heard a spiritual voice responding, "O Usman, we have accepted Moinuddin as our beloved devotee." They then proceeded to Madinah, where Peer-O-Murshid instructed Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه to offer homage and salutations at the shrine of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. In Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه own words, "After the salutation, I heard a voice responding, 'Wa Alaykum As-Salam, Ya Qutb-ul Mashaikh-e Bahr-O-Bar' (Peace be upon you, O spiritual leader of all the Walis on the earth)." Upon this, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه informed Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه that he had reached the stage of perfection as a Dervish.

During one of their visits to Makkah and Madinah, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه received a prophetic dream in which the Prophet ﷺ said, "O Moinudeen, you are the promoter of our religion. Proceed to Hind (India) where people are unaware of Islam. Show them the path of truth, and with Allah Almighty's help, Islam will shine there." In the dream, he even saw the geographical route leading to Ajmer, India.

PASSING THE TORCH: DEPARTURE FROM PEER-O MURSHID

After dedicating 20 years of his life under the guidance of his Murshid (Spiritual Master), Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه was prepared to embark on his noble mission. Prior to their parting, Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه bestowed upon Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه the "Khirqa-E-Khilajas" (Robes Conferred on Successor) and the Mustafawi Tabarukaat, which have been traditionally passed down in the Chishtiya Silsila from one generation of Sufi Dervishes to the next. During this significant occasion, Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه addressed his beloved Khalifa (Successor), saying, "O Moinudeen, I have undertaken all this work for your perfection, and it is now your responsibility to uphold our tradition and fulfill your duty diligently. A spiritual son is one who follows the commandments of his Peer (Spiritual Guide) and includes them in his shijra (Genealogy), faithfully discharging his duties, so that no shame may befall us on the Day of Judgment (Qayamat)."

Following the sermon, Peer-O-Murshid handed over his Asa Mubarak (Blessed Staff), Khirqa (Robe), wooden sandals, and musallah (Praying Carpet), emphasizing that these taburakaat (sacred relics) serve as cherished mementos of our piran-e-tariqat (Way of Succession from Murshid to Khalifa), which have been passed down to us in succession from the holy Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Now, they are entrusted to Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه, with a request to hold them with the same reverence as they have been kept. These sacred relics should be handed down only to those who prove themselves strictly worthy. Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه was advised to strive for perfection in renunciation, to distance himself from common people, and to never demand or expect anything from anyone.

With a heavy heart, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harwani رضي الله عنه embraced Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه, kissed his forehead, and expressed, "I entrust you to Allah Almighty." Thus, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه departed from his Peer-O-Murshid, ready to carry forth the mission with a profound sense of responsibility.

ARRIVING IN INDIA

In accordance with the aforementioned spiritual command, he embarked on a journey to India accompanied by 40 of his disciples. They passed through various places such as Baghdad, Khirqan, Astarabad, Heart, Lahore, and Delhi. Along the way, they encountered several Shaikhs and Walis, but after brief stays, they continued their journey to Ajmer.

Upon reaching India, they briefly stayed in Delhi before resuming their journey to Ajmer. At that time, Ajmer was ruled by a powerful king named Raja Prithviraj Chauhan. The people of this region were unfamiliar with Islam, and a prophecy had been made to the king that the arrival of a certain Dervish would bring about the destruction of his kingdom. As a result, the king ordered his guards to thoroughly inspect anyone entering the kingdom.

In this hostile environment, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه entered the kingdom with his 40 disciples. Their caravan was intercepted by the guards at a place called Sammana. However, upon seeing the Dervish and his disciples, the guards respectfully stepped aside, allowing the caravan to reach its destination, Ajmer.

Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه instructed his disciples to set up camp near water and trees, known as Aana Sagar. However, even there, the king's guards appeared and demanded that Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه relocate so that the king's camels could rest in that spot. Nevertheless, Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه moved his caravan to the top of the hill near Aana Sagar, which is now known as Chilla Sharif.

Following this incident, the king made several attempts to prevent Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه from settling in Ajmer. He even sent his renowned magician, Ajaypal Jogi, to challenge Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه. However, with the help of Allah Almighty, the magician was unable to harm Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه and, upon hearing his sermon, he became one of his disciples, abandoning his magic and embracing Islam.

News quickly spread throughout Ajmer and the surrounding villages about the arrival of a pious Dervish. People began flocking to him in large numbers, and this following continued to grow day by day. Everyone who approached Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه was treated with kindness and bestowed with blessings. People were greatly inspired by his divine teachings, sermons, and humility, leading them to embrace Islam.

Around the same time, Shahbuddin Gori launched an invasion of India in 1192 A.D., and in the famous Battle of Tarain, he defeated Raja Prithvi Raj Chauhan. Upon learning of Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه presence in Ajmer, Shahbuddin Gori personally visited him and experienced the grace of their meeting.

Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه continued his noble and magnificent mission, guiding people towards the path of Truth. He also dispatched his disciples and successors to different parts of the country to serve the people and teach the principles of Islam. Some of his prominent successors are:

1. Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki رضي الله عنه - Located in Delhi
2. Hazrat Shaikh Fariduddin Ganj-E-Shakar رضي الله عنه - Located in Pak Pattan
3. Hazrat Shaik Nizamuddin Auliya رضي الله عنه - Located in Delhi
4. Hazrat Shaik Nasiruddin Chiragh Delhi رضي الله عنه - Located in Delhi

"THE FINAL SERMON OF HUZUR GARIB NAWAZ TO HIS DEVOTEES"

Embrace Love, Embrace Humanity

Mere words of peace hold no true worth,
Mere words of Allah and religion alone won't suffice.
Unleash the dormant powers within your being,
Reveal the splendid magnificence of your immortal essence.

Radiate peace and joy wherever you tread,
A blazing fire of truth, a soothing balm of peace.
With your spiritual light, dispel ignorance's darkness,
Spread goodwill, peace, and harmony among all.

Rely solely on Allah, seeking no help or favor,
Avoid the courts of kings, but aid the needy who seek you.
Your mission is to serve humanity, Fulfill it with devotion and courage.

May I, as your Peer-O-Murshid, Not be ashamed of any shortcomings on the Day of Judgment, Before the Almighty Allah and our revered Sufi predecessors, Carry out your mission faithfully and honorably.

PASSING INTO THE REALM OF DIVINE BEAUTY

After accomplishing the objectives of his profound mission and faithfully carrying out the divine command bestowed upon him by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, his noble soul departed from his mortal body on the 6th of Rajab, 633 Hijri (16th March 1236), at the age of 97.

On the 4th of Rajab, prior to entering his meditation chamber known as the Hujra, he advised his disciples with utmost care, requesting that he should not be disturbed until his Khalifa, Khwaja Qutbuddin رضي الله عنه, arrived. On the 6th of Rajab, the designated successor, Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki رضي الله عنه, made his way from Delhi to Ajmer. He gently knocked on the door of the Hujra, but received no response. Realizing the situation, Hazrat Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki رضي الله عنه instructed the mureed (disciple) of Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه to open the door. To their astonishment, they discovered that their beloved Murshid had already departed from the physical world to reunite with his Lord, Allah Almighty.

What transpired next left all those present in awe and amazement. The forehead of Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه was adorned with radiant letters of divine light, bearing the inscription, "He was a lover of Allah and has departed in the love of Allah." This miraculous phenomenon served as a testament to his profound connection with the Divine.

He was laid to rest within the same cell, which had been the focal point of his divine activities during his time in Ajmer. Such was the manner in which this illustrious saint transitioned from the mortal realm. He not only purified the characters of countless individuals but also guided them towards a more virtuous and noble way of life. He imparted invaluable teachings on humanity and truth, illuminating the path of righteousness.

Today, his final resting place is renowned as the Dargah Sharif, a Holy Shrine. People from all walks of life, regardless of their caste, creed, or beliefs, journey from far and wide to pay their respects and offer devotion at this esteemed shrine. They seek the blessings of Khwaja Garib Nawaz رضي الله عنه and find solace in the spiritual atmosphere that surrounds his sacred tomb.

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